What Are Cannabinoids?
We get this question when out and about in the daily bustle. Not so much from people that are looking to partner with us, but moreso from the end user. I believe its been said that only around 4% of the country (or is it world?) knows about CBD and its benefits. Thats very low but very exciting at the future of this industry. CBD has helped so many already. Most people know what hemp is, but have no idea of what it REALLY is. So if they haven't heard of CBD, then you can bet that they don't know what a cannabinoid is. Maybe as you read this you don't either? Great! Let us give a brief insight.
It should be noted that all humans have whats called an endocannabinoid system, we have cannabinoids in us. The human race truly has a symbiosis with the hemp plant. Cannabinoids are everywhere, they are a nutrient as far as we are concerned. A cannabinoid is one of a class of diverse chemical compounds interacting with cannabinoid receptors in cells that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain. Cannabinoid receptors are located throughout the body and are part of the complete endocannabinoid system. This system within us is involved in a variety of physiological processes including appetite, pain-sensation, mood, and memory. Cannabinoid receptors are of a class of cell membrane receptors in the G protein-coupled receptor family. I don't know about you, but the first time I found out we have an endocannabinoid system in us, that is to say we have the SAME compounds in our make up as cannabis and hemp, my mind was blown. None of this is taught in medical school and majority of doctors are completely ignorant of how all of this works harmoniously. We have talked to doctors with (and without) medical cannabis and hemp practices and they are legitimately disappointed that the community seems to ignore this fact. Crazy. I immediately put 2 and 2 together. Since humans first inhabited earth we have evolved with hemp and cannabis. It was our food, medicine, weapons, clothing, bedding, textiles and more. All over the world hemp was with us, on us and in us. Its been only the past 100 or so years that corporations and the federal government decided to demonize hemp & cannabis with a propaganda smear campaign all in the name of money, fear and greed.... but I digress. Cannabinoids....
Scientists have identified (thus far) around 500 compounds in the cannabis plant. 65-70 of these compounds are considered phytocannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that occur naturally in the cannabis plant. The most well known compound is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC). The popularity of CBD (cannabidiol) and its health benefits are on the rise. Cannabidiol (CBD)is non psychoactive and has been found to act as a CB1 receptor antagonist. We have since found cannabinoids in other families of plants such as Linaceae (flax), Asteraceae (echinaceae and helichrysum) and at least a dozen plants containing cannabidiol (CBD) have been identified.
Phytocannabinoids are abundant in the viscous resin that is produced by glandular structures (trichomes) in hemp flowers. This resin is also rich in terpenes, which are the characteristic smell of the cannabis plant. Phytocannabinoids are mostly water insoluble but are soluble in alcohol and fat and other non-polar organic solvents. For example, we use food grade 200 proof ethanol to produce our crude hemp oil. Ethanol and c02 extraction are the only 2 organic certified solvents for hemp extraction. In alkaline conditions, they can form water-soluble phenolate salts, being essentially phenols.
Classes of cannabinoids:
Cannabigerol Monoethyl Ether (CBGM)